Related topics, below
No Death Penalty = More Innocent Deaths and
THE DEATH PENALTY: SAVING MORE INNOCENT LIVES
At least since Sacco and Vanzetti, the anti death penalty movement has been presenting guilty murderers as innocent (1).
Though Sacco and Vanzetti's guilt was well known to a small cadre of anti death penalty folks and anarchists, they still allowed riots and other violence to take place, based upon the fraud of their innocence (1), in a well orchestrated campaign, similar to those of today, such as the Troy Davis case (8) or the 166 "exonerated" or "innocent" frauds (2).
These frauds are easily discovered by basic fact checking yet, many in the media and academia advance these frauds, instead of exposing them.
So often, it seems, that willful ignorance is, now, the default position for absolute certainty.
False innocence claims: the many, the blatant, the legendary:
1) see Sacco and Vanzetti, within both:
An infamous, worldwide scam.
a) Guilty: Sacco and Vanzetti
"(Author Upton) Sinclair met with Fred Moore, (Sacco and Vanzetti's defense) attorney, in a Denver motel room. Moore "sent me into a panic," Sinclair wrote in the typed letter that Hegness found at the auction a decade ago."
"Alone in a hotel room with Fred, I begged him to tell me the full truth," Sinclair wrote. " ... He then told me that the men were guilty, and he told me in every detail how he had framed a set of alibis for them."
A 14 year, anti death penalty fictional odyssey.
Imagine facts that evidence won't support, but make it real, anyway. And keep it going for years and years (a).
Anti death penalty activist Jim McCloskey championed Coleman's innocence (a). He created a case of an innocent on death row/executed and knew the media would come. And, boy, did they.
Here is McCloskey's assessment of the state's case against Coleman:
"The (state's) case was built on innuendos and lies and ludicrous, insane theory that falls flat in the face of common sense." (b)
The classic quote of anti death penalty infamy, duplicating so many others.
"In the weeks before Coleman was put to death, his picture was on the cover of Time magazine ("This Man Might Be Innocent. This Man Is Due to Die"). He was interviewed from death row on "Larry King Live," the "Today" show, "Primetime Live," "Good Morning America" and "The Phil Donahue Show." (a)
"Opponents of the death penalty also seized on the case, staging vigils outside the governor's mansion in Richmond and the Greensville Correctional Center, where the execution was due to take place. Pope John Paul II made a public plea for mercy, and Mother Teresa personally phoned the governor's chief counsel. What started out as a shocking crime in a remote corner of Virginia became an international cause celebre (a)."
"McCloskey and (Coleman attorney) Behan . . . concluded that Coleman had been framed by police and prosecutors . . . and when the (blood) test implicated Coleman as the killer, they sought to discredit their own expert. And they accused a local man of being the "real killer," a claim they stuck with even after they learned of information indicating he had the wrong blood type." (a)
"(DNA expert) Blake says that this was the moment when Coleman's defenders lost their ethical bearings. Fixated on Coleman's innocence, they ignored or discredited evidence that pointed to his guilt: "Somewhere along the way these people who were supposed to be in the fact-finding business abandoned their responsibility to facts and truth, and started operating on belief." (a)
"I had serious problems with (Theresa Horn's) credibility," says Tommy Scott, the former prosecutor. "But Arnold & Porter (Behan's law firm) and Jim McCloskey and the national media bought into it hook, line and sinker." (a)
Horn had come up with a story on an alternate suspect, the "real killer".
"Back in Grundy, a scrappy community of 1,500 in the heart of Appalachia, many people were appalled. They viewed Coleman's supporters as a powerful group of lawyers, activists and journalists who were blinded by their loathing of the death penalty and taken in by a clever psychopath." (a)
. . . and so they were.
"They were trying to build this case for Roger's innocence, and they didn't care who they threw to the dogs," says Pat Hatfield, the victim of an earlier incident, in which Coleman had exposed himself and masturbated in front of her at the public library . . .
"It didn't matter whose life was destroyed as long as they could save Roger." (a)
Coleman's last words:
"An innocent man is going to be murdered tonight. When my innocence is proven, I hope Americans will realize the injustice of the death penalty as all other civilized countries have." (a)
Two years after Coleman's execution, Arnold & Porter paid a substantial sum to settle a libel claim by the man it had identified as the "real killer." and stated: "We complied with our professional responsibility and stand by our representation of Roger Coleman." (a).
As McCloskey could have said, "The case for Coleman's innocence was built on innuendos and lies and a ludicrous, insane theory that falls flat in the face of common sense."
Coleman was proven guilty by DNA, as McCloskey concedes.
a) Burden of proof Jim McCloskey desperately wanted to save Roger Coleman from the electric chair. Washington Post, Glenn Frankel May 14, 2006, Washington Post archive
b) Freedom Fighter, Trip Gabriel, New York Times, May 10, 1992,
Women who survived Roger Keith Coleman often get overlooked, ALYSSA OURSLER, BRISTOL HERALD COURIER Mar 11, 2018,
Va.: DNA Confirms Executed Man's Guilt
3) The Blatant Fraud - The (now) 166 "exonerated" from death row
The Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC) simply decided to redefine both "exonerated" and "innocent", in the same fashion as if they redefined "lie" as "truth" (and) and then stuffed a bunch of cases into those fraudulent definitions. It's that basic, as simple fact checking confirms.
a) The "Innocent", the "Exonerated" and Death Row
"An Open Fraud in the Death Penalty Debate: How Death Penalty Opponents Lie
This is a look at how well destroyed the "EXONERATED" and/or "INNOCENTS" list is and how it has been so deceptively used by the anti death penalty movement."
b) Death Row, "Exonerations", Media & Intentional Fraud
4) Florida & Texas: The 83% error rate in "exoneration" claims.
4 of the 24 "exonerated" may be innocent, as found in 2 studies by a Florida state agency, the Florida Commission on Capital Cases. It is no surprise that the 24 "exonerated" claim comes from the deceptive DPIC. The Florida media just laps the 24 "exonerated" fraud up, with zero fact checking, as has become way to common.
This may represent the worst case of media deception, as the Florida media has known the real numbers since 2002 (updated 2011) but refuses to use them, instead, pushing the well known DPIC deception of the 23/24 "exonerated". That is how bad it has gotten.
From page 5 (2002 study) and page 7 (2011 study):
"The guilt of only four defendants was subsequently "doubted" by the prosecuting office or the Governor and Cabinet members: Freddie Lee Pitts and Wilbert Lee were pardoned by Governor Askew and the Cabinet, citing substantial doubt of their guilt, Frank Lee Smith died before the results of DNA testing excluded him as the perpetrator of the sexual assault, and the State chose not to retry James Richardson due to newly discovered evidence and the suspicion of another perpetrator."
"doubted", not confirmed.
a) Case Histories: A Review of 24 Individuals Released from Death Row (2002), FLORIDA COMMISSION ON CAPITAL CASES, Locke Burt, Chairman, June 20, 2002, Revised: September 10, 2002 - This file cannot be found, likely, because the (b) report, just below, is an update of this one.
b) TRULY INNOCENT?: A Review of 23 Case Histories of Inmates Released from Florida‘s Death Row Since 1973, Commission on Capital Cases, The Florida Legislature, Roger R. Maas, Executive Director, May 13, 2011
The Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC) claims 12 death row "exonerations" in Texas.
By Texas law, Texas has only identified one former death row inmate , Anthony Graves, as actually innocent . . .
well, actually, no . . .
"Actual innocence" in the Graves case was decided by a "belief" standard, not an evidence standard, with this exception "no credible evidence exists that inculpates the defendant" , crossing the well known evidence line:
"Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence."
By this amendment, any guilty murderer with "absence of evidence" - POOF - becomes "actually innocent".
The belief "standard" had to be amended into the law, because there was no evidence to establish Grave's innocence, as the law, previously, required such evidence to prove innocence, thereby requiring the judge to find that the Graves case did not qualify for that finding, which was the case.
How better to declare Anthony Graves "actually innocent" than to avoid a standard of evidence establishing innocence and replace it with "belief" and absence of evidence.
Another case, that of Michael Blair, must be included as a proven innocent, but was excluded for compensation, under a provision of the law. He remains a lifer with four sexual assaults on children convictions.
I am told that Randall Dale Adams, put on death row for the murder of Dallas police officer Robert Wood, is a slam dunk innocence case, made famous by "The Thin Blue Line" film (1988). I just haven't looked at the case, yet.
So, 2 or 3 out of 12, meaning a 75-83% error rate in the Texas death row "exoneration" claims. There are no other death penalty cases pending.
"Innocents" & Texas' Death Row: The "Exoneration" Frauds Continue
5) "The innocence tactic: Unreliable studies and disinformation", reports By United States Congress, Senate, 107th Congress, 2d Session, Calender no 731, Report 107-315. The Innocence Protection Act of 2002, (iv) The innocence tactic: Unreliable studies and disinformation, p 65-69 http://alturl.com/6j7oc
"Death penalty opponents have decided that, if a large enough risk of mistaken executions does not exist, they will invent it."
And that is, exactly what they have done.
6) Jesse Tafero among others
"The Myth Of Innocence", Joshua Marquis, published in the Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology - 3/31/2005, Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, Illinois
"Having largely abandoned the moral arguments against capital punishment, the modern abolition movement is now based on a trio of urban legends: (1) the death penalty is racist at its core; (2) those accused of capital murder get grossly inadequate representation; and (3) a remarkable number of people on death row are innocent."
7) Joseph O"Dell
see section III. Death Of Truth: Sister Prejean's book "The Death Of Innocents: An Eyewitness Account of Wrongful Executions":
"(Prejean's) book is moreover riddled with factual errors and misrepresentations."
" . . . despite repeated claims that (Prejean) cares about crime victims, implies that the victim's husband was a more likely suspect but was overlooked because the authorities wanted to convict a black man."
" . . . a Federal District Court . . . stated that 'the evidence against Williams was overwhelming.' " "The same court also did "not find any evidence of racial bias specific to this case."
But, "Williams had confessed to repeatedly stabbing his victim, Sonya Knippers."
"This DNA test was performed by an independent lab in Dallas, which concluded that there was a one in nearly four billion chance that the blood could have been someone's other than Williams'."
Sister Helen Prejean: Does Truth Matter?:
Dead Man Walking & The Death Penalty
8) Exoneration Inflation
"Exoneration Inflation: Justice Scalia’s Concurrence in Kansas v. March", by Ward Campbell, Supervising Deputy Attorney General, California Department of Justice, p 49, The Journal of the Institute for the Advancement of Criminal Justice, Issue 2, Summer 2008
"The more conservative approach of the court in Quinones I only recognized “actual innocence” in one‑half of one percent of the 7,084 death sentences imposed between 1973 and 2001." (NOTE: Sharp: My assessment, based upon multiple additional reviews, is o.4% through 2016).
"By deflating the DPIC List, Justice Scalia’s concurring opinion in Kansas v. Marsh contributes to an honest and realistic assessment of that actual risk."
9) "The Innocent and the Shammed"
by Joshua Marquis, Published in New York Times, 1/26/2006, http://coastda.blogspot.com/2006/01/innocent-and-shammed-nyt-oped.html
" . . .nothing is gained by deluding the public into believing that the police and prosecutors are trying to send innocent people to prison. Any experienced defense lawyer will concede that he would starve if he accepted only "innocent" clients. Americans should be far more worried about the wrongfully freed than the wrongfully convicted."
Sharp: Since 1973:
about 22,000 additional innocents have been murdered by those KNOWN murderers that we have allowed to murder, again - recidivist murderers.
about 440,000 additional innocents have been murdered by those KNOWN criminals that we have allowed to harm, again - recidivist criminals.
10) "Troy Davis & The Innocent Frauds of the anti death penalty lobby",
"The Troy Davis campaign, like many before it, is a simple, blatant fraud, easily uncovered by the most basic of fact checking.
The case for Davis' guilt is overwhelming, just as were his due process protections, which may have surpassed that of all but a few death row inmates."
11) Rebuttal: "Trial by Fire: Did Texas execute an innocent man?", David Grann, The New Yorker, 9/7/2009:
Cameron Todd Willingham: Media meltdown & the death penalty
The state of the forensics in the Cameron Todd Willingham case is this:
1) Of all of the forensics reports, that I have read, which find fault with the arson findings, none exclude arson. They conclude that the fire could be either arson or an accident.
2) Other reports continue to find for arson.
Other, non fire forensic, evidence against Todd Willingham not only continues to find for guilt but there is, now, more and stronger evidence against him.
We have all seen where there are equally qualified experts in a trial that have opinions that are complete opposites. In some cases, there can be credible disagreement. In others, we respond with a deserved cynicism,
With the Willingham fire, no credible person has denied that the fire could be arson.
Dr. Hurst demurred. “I never had a case where I could exclude arson,” he said. “It’s not possible to do that.”(a)
Sadly, but in character (b), Barry Scheck and the Innocence Project have stated, flatly, that it wasn't arson and that Willingham was an innocent executed (c) All that Scheck and the IP are doing is injuring the credibility of forensic science. Evidently, for them, the find their agenda worth it. Former Texas Governor Mark White, now an anti death penalty activist, appears headed down this path, as well.
(a) "Family’s Effort to Clear Name Frames Debate on Executions", John Schwartz, New York Times, October 14, 2010,
(b) The Innocence Project Invents False Confessions
(c) New Report Shows that Cameron Todd Willingham, Executed in Texas in 2004, Was Innocent, NEWS RELEASE, Innocence Project, 8/31/09
12) "Carlos DeLuna: Another False Innocence Claim?" Maybe? Probably?
"Paul Rivera, a Corpus Christi police investigator who transported DeLuna between city and county jails, said the study's researchers asked him years ago to reread the DeLuna case.
Rivera said he took his time combing through the investigation reports and transcripts. In the end, he drew the same conclusion."
"I know exactly what happened," he said. "DeLuna stabbed Wanda Lopez when she was on the phone and she was screaming for help."
"Rivera, who investigated more than 200 murders in Corpus Christi, said at least nine of those people were on death row and no one questioned his investigations or methods before DeLuna's case."
"The Columbia researchers are adamant about trying to abolish the death penalty, he said. "I don't know why these people are so vicious," he said."
b) "Report questioning execution doesn't sway lawyers" MICHAEL GRACZYK, Associated Press, CNS NEWS, May 16, 2012 - 9:15 PM, http://cnsnews.com/news/article/report-questioning-execution-doesnt-sway-lawyers#sthash.Xqa96lzy.dpuf
"DeLuna claimed the killer was a man named Carlos Hernandez whom he'd met in the Nueces County jail. The county's former prosecutor who tried DeLuna, Steve Schiwetz, said records showed DeLuna had never been in the jail at the same time as a Carlos Hernandez. He also said investigators gave defense attorneys photos of every Carlos Hernandez who had been jailed in Nueces County and showed them to DeLuna, who refused to identify any of the photos as the killer."
"It still bothers me to this day he wouldn't," (DeLuna's defense counsel) Lawrence said.
"The conclusion I come to is he's making it up, giving a phony name, hence the phantom Carlos Hernandez," Schiwetz said. "What am I supposed to do?" Schiwetz . . . believes Hernandez either didn't exist or had no connection to the case. Nothing so far, he said, has "changed my mind as to who did it."
c) Carlos DeLuna: "At the Death House Door" Can Rev. Carroll Pickett be trusted?
Pickett: (In 1989) "I was so 100% certain that he couldn't have committed this crime. (Carlos) was a super person to minister to. I knew Carlos was not guilty. " "I knew (executed inmate) Carlos (De Luna) didn't do it."
REPLY: There is this major problem. It appears that Rev. Pickett is, now, either lying about his own 1989 opinions or he is very confused.
In 1999, 4 years after Rev. Pickett had left his death row ministry, and he had become an anti death penalty activist, and 10 years after De Luna's execution, the reverend was asked, in a PBS Frontline interview,
"Do you think there have been some you have watched die who were strictly innocent?"
Pickett's reply: "I never felt that."
13) Gary Graham: Hollywood, Murder and Texas:
A CASE STUDY OF LIES, HALF-TRUTHS AND INTIMIDATION
"C. (1) Gary Graham's defense claims have been reviewed and rejected 9 times by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals (the highest criminal court in Texas), 2 times by the Texas Supreme Court, 4 times by the U.S. Supreme Court and in a total of thirty-three (33) judicial or executive proceedings. (Houston Post, July 29, 1993 and subsequent events, as of 9/8/96.)
(2) a. Federal District Court Judge David Hittner ruled that all of Graham's new evidence is not sufficient to entitle him to a federal hearing and refused Graham a hearing or a stay of execution. He also stated that several of Graham's new witnesses were not credible. (Houston Post, August 16, 1993 and Houston Chronicle, August 14, 1993.)
b. After a thorough review of all the "new evidence", by himself and his staff, Texas Attorney General Dan Morales stated, "...that none of that new information is credible. There is no new evidence. Graham is stalling for time." The "new evidence" and "revised" witness statements are ""stoned-cold manufactured evidence." (Houston Chronicle, August 15, 1993, Houston Sun August 16, 1993 and The Texas Observer, August 20, 1993.)
14) Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
For decades and internationally, one of the biggest "innocent" executed cases.
Rosenberg Lies Never Cease:
"Code-phrases such as being “devoted” and “well-developed politically” reveal that Ethel was a committed Stalinist in whom the Soviet secret police placed trust." "Ethel was a such a willing and witting member of the Soviet espionage apparat in mid-1940s America that she was setting up her own sister-in-law as a candidate for recruitment by the KGB."
"What totally undermines the Meeropols’ case, however, is that Feklisov at one point refers to Ethel as a “probationer” (cтажёр in Russian). This word appears regularly in VENONA messages and was old school KGB-speak for agents, that is foreigners who worked wittingly for Soviet intelligence. That closes any debate about how Feklisov viewed Ethel Rosenberg."
"The awful truth is that Ethel Rosenberg, a committed Communist, loved Stalin more than her own children." "Nobody who understands Soviet intelligence and has read the relevant VENONA messages with open eyes has any doubt that Ethel Rosenberg was an agent of the KGB. She was witting regarding a large degree of her husband’s enormous treason, perhaps all of it. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were fanatical Communists in a manner we now associate with jihadists. The cause was their life; it mattered more than anything, even family."
"Grasping at Straws to Try to Exonerate Ethel Rosenberg", OPINION COMMENTARY, By RONALD RADOSH, Wall Street Journal, July 19, 2015
"It never occurs to these reporters that at the early stage of his arrest David Greenglass was desperately trying to protect his sister and to convince the government to leave her out of the indictment. We also know that when he first went for legal advice, he even left Julius out of his confession."
"Even in other parts of the same transcript, largely ignored in the press reports, Greenglass has his sister Ethel present and knowledgeable, as when he says she was present at a meeting with Julius and a courier for his group, Ann Sidorovich."
"Hard evidence for Ethel’s guilt can be found in the Venona decrypts of KGB messages to its operatives in the U.S., and in the notebooks of KGB files meticulously copied in the 1990s by Alexander Vassiliev,who fled Russia in 1996 and had them smuggled into London."
"A Nov. 21, 1944, Venona decrypt has Julius telling the KGB that he and his wife both recommend the recruitment of Ruth Greenglass, David’s wife. On Nov. 27, KGB agent Leonid Kvasnikov cabled that they considered Ethel 'sufficiently well developed politically. Knows about her husband’s work” as well as that of other agents. He characterizes her “positively and as a devoted person.' "
"In Vassiliev’s notebooks, an entry from the KGB says about Julius that 'His wife knows about her husband’s work and personally knows ‘Twain’ and ‘Callistratus.’ [code names of Soviet agents.] She could be used independently, but she should not be overworked. Poor health."
"Another entry, about a meeting held on May 12, 1944 with Ruth, Ethel and Julius, reports that when told by Julius that they had to keep silent, 'Ethel here interposed to stress the need for utmost care and caution in informing David of the work in which Julius was engaged and that for his own safety all other political discussion and activity on his part should be subdued.' "
" . . . there is substantial evidence that Ethel Rosenberg was guilty as charged. Journalists could have found that evidence if they had taken the time to look." Mr. Radosh, an adjunct fellow of the Hudson Institute, is the author, with Joyce Milton, of “The Rosenberg File” (Yale University, 1997 revised edition).
". . . as John Earl Haynes, Harvey Klehr and Alexander Vassiliev have revealed in Spies . . .
Ethel Rosenberg was not only aware of the network her husband had put in place, she herself suggested that her brother David Greenglass be recruited by the KGB since he was stationed at Los Alamos. "
"Second, and most importantly, Julius Rosenberg was not only aware of the Manhattan Project, he recruited a second atom spy, Russell McNutt, precisely because he thought that McNutt would be able to gather atomic bomb information from the plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee." from Son of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Admits One Parent's Guilt, BY RON RADOSH, PJ Media, APRIL 8, 2011, https://pjmedia.com/ronradosh/2011/4/8/the-confused-admission-of-his-parents-guilt-by-the-rosenbergs-youngest-son-robert-what-does-it-mean/2/
The Venona Intercepts, 1995
The US Government has direct evidence of Julius Rosenberg, and others', involvement with the Soviet's, as spies for atomic secrets, with intercepted communications between the Soviet's and some of their US spies, from 1944. These Venona intercepts were released in 1995. There was more than enough evidence that Ethel, at least, knew of his spying and chose not to report it, enough for a conspiracy, which was the charge and why they were executed.
The above evidence is clear that Ethel was actively involved.
Folks look past the obvious.
Both Ethel and Julius had ample time to come forward and proclaim Ethel innocence and, to, at least, save one parent for their children. They chose not to. instead, they both chose that Ethel should die, leaving their children to be orphaned, a decisive indicator of guilt for them both, as well as their devotion to the cause, which was stronger than their love for their children, which, rationally, could not be more obvious.
Direct evidence of Ethel's guilt came later, as did more evidence of the damage that the Rosenberg spy ring caused, as reviewed above.
Rosenbergs Redux, BY RONALD RADOSH AND STEVEN USDIN, DECEMBER 6, 2010
"As for Ethel Rosenberg’s role, the evidence is unequivocal. She recruited her brother as an atomic spy and provided logistical support to Julius's espionage activities. She knew at least two Soviet intelligence officers, and they considered her a loyal and trustworthy compatriot."
NOTE: This, below, is a "rebuttal" to Radosh and Usdin's article above, by Michael Meeropol, one of the Rosenberg's sons. The rebuttal is so weak, that it should be viewed as a complete concession, with the exception of the date Julius became a spy.
15) The Innocence Project Invents False Confessions
"Dr. Welner demonstrated how poor scientific methodology and an anti-police agenda among declared scholars in this novel area of scientific interest result in inflated perceptions of the prevalence of false confessions.
These include false representations by The Innocence Project that the proportion of false confessions in wrongful conviction cases is 25 percent when that percentage is in actuality close to 10 percent."
16) The Death Penalty: Do Innocents Matter?
"Well known anti death penalty scholars "(Charles) Black and (Hugo Adam ) Bedau said they would favor abolishing the death penalty even if they knew that doing so would increase the homicide rate by 1,000 percent."
The case of guilt against Larry Griffin grew stronger with this newest investigation:
See Summary, page 11-13, “Report of the Circuit Attorney: On the Murder of Qinton Moss and Conviction of Larry Griffin”, 7/12/07,
Report defends 1995 Missouri execution, USA Today, 7/12/07
Related Topic No Death Penalty = More Innocent Deaths
1) no credible claim of an innocent executed in the modern era, post 1972 ("The Innocents Fraud", above);
2) the death penalty protects innocents, in three ways, better than does life without parole (LWOP): enhanced due process, enhanced incapacitation and enhanced deterrence ("The Death Penalty: More Protection for Innocents", below);
3) 5000 die/yr in US criminal custody. 33/yr, on average, are executed. (Innocents More At Risk Without Death Penalty, below );
4) from 14,000 - 28,000 additional innocents were murdered by those murderers that we allowed to murder, again - recidivist murderers. since 1973. See "The Death Penalty: Saving More Innocent Lives", below ; and
A true concern for innocents would result in many more death sentences and many fewer criminals released.
The Death Penalty: Saving More Innocent Lives
Catechisn & State Protection
Deterrence, Death Penalties & Executions
Pro Life: The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty: Do Innocents Matter?
LIFE: MUCH PREFERRED OVER EXECUTION
99.7% of murderers tell us "Give me life, not execution"
Murder Victims' Families for Death Penalty Repeal: More Hurt For Victims:
95% of murder victim's families support death penalty
"Opponents in capital punishment have blood on their hands", Dennis Prager, 11/29/05,
"A Death Penalty Red Herring: The Inanity and Hypocrisy of Perfection", Lester Jackson Ph.D.