From Evangelium Vitae, 1995 (1) to the CCC 2267 amendments of 1997 (2) and 2018 (3), the Church has limited death penalty application based, solely, upon that alleged fact of criminal justice safety.
It is complete, utter nonsense as the Church well knows (4).
The latest CCC 2267 amendment (2018) finds the death penalty inadmissible, based within criminal justice safety.
This was dis proven prior to EV being presented (1995), as anyone familiar with criminal justice systems is aware. (4). The facts are that repeat unjust aggressors are very common, worldwide (4). The Church is very aware.
Those pronouncements, within EV and CCC 2267, reflect zero concern about the reality of violence within prisons and the fact that criminal justice systems, worldwide, allow unjust aggressors to re offend against innocents, over and over, again (4).
All amended 2267s are such a poorly considered prudential judgments as to negate any "prudential" moniker or any reference to judgment.
The Church and SPJPII made no prudential judgment, here, but instead, made a factual assertion which was entirely false (4), a grossly irresponsible judgment --- all at times (1995/1997/2018) when the Church and the Popes were in the midst of the horrendous moral scandal of priests being allowed to sexually assault children, repeatedly, a horror which, as revealed within 2267, had no effect on either the Popes or the Church to consider additional harm to innocents within EV or the amended 2267.
Instead, what EV and the amended 2267s do is to put more innocents at risk, which is undeniable and, also, very well known (4a).
It reflects an astonishing callousness in the same vain as the Church's 60 years of priest sex horrors, but with many more victims.
The Church "had the means at the Church's disposal to effectively repress crime by rendering inoffensive the priests who has committed it".
But the Church did not, for, at least, 6 decades. With cover ups, apparently, still occurring, today (2018) , as with McCarrick.
"Means" is irrelevant, as the Church and everyone else, well knows.
The only thing that is relevant is reality, as the Church, eventually, confessed with the priest sex scandal.
The reality is that criminal justice systems, worldwide, allow criminals to harm over and over, again, as the easiest of vetting confirms (4) and as the Church has well known, forever. It is time for the Church to confess that, as well.
Cases whereby the unjust aggressors harm and murder, again, in prison, after escape, after improper release and/or with no incarceration, are way too common (4) - the well known factual opposite of the SPJPII and Church's incomprehensible finding that such cases are "very rare, if not practically non existent", a factual error so profound and obvious (4) that it is clear that vetting was, intentionally, avoided in both EV and the Catechism, showing a gross indifference concern for additional innocent victims, from repeat unjust aggressors (4).
All villages, towns, cities, states, territories, countries and broad government unions have widely varying degrees of police protections and prison security. Murderers escape, harm and murder in prison and are given such leeway as to murder and/or harm, again, because of "mercy" to the murderer, leniency and irresponsibility to murderers, who are released or otherwise given the opportunity to cause catastrophic losses to the innocent, repeatedly, when such innocents are harmed and murdered by unjust aggressors, over and over, again. (4)
Incarcerated prisoners plan and commit murders, escapes and all types of criminal activity, using proxies or cell phones in directing escapes, crimes within prisons and free world criminal activities, inclusive of murdering witnesses (4).
All of this is well known by all, inclusive of the Holy See. It is impossible not to know, just as with the priest sex scandal.
Some countries are so idiotic, reckless and callous as to allow terrorists to sign pledges that they will not harm again and then they are released, bound only by their word, a worthless pledge resulting in more innocent blood (4).
The Magisterium refuses to publicly acknowledge the reality of such suffering (3&4). It is unknown why She acts in such a fashion but, it is, unconscionable and, now, a consistent pattern, 1995-2019.
Here are the known realities of all unjust aggressors, murderers and other violent offenders.
They can morally/criminally/spiritually:
1) improve, becoming slightly better, still being harmful unjust aggressors or becomes saints and, everything, in between.
Had Saint Pope John Paul II's (SPJPII) Evangelium Vitae (EV) been interested, he would have concluded that innocents were better protected with the death penalty (4a) and that the death penalty is, therefore, a greater defender of society and innocents (4a) and, as such, EV would not have created the errors, in 1995, which were, then, wrongly put into the 1997 amendments, which led to an even greater error in 2018.
1) Pope John Paul II: Prudential Judgment and the death penalty
2) 1997 amended CCC 2267:
"Today, in fact, given the means at the State's disposal to effectively repress crime by rendering inoffensive the one who has committed it, without depriving him definitively of the possibility of redeeming himself, cases of absolute necessity for suppression of the offender 'today ... are very rare, if not practically non-existent.' [John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae 56).
3) with the 2018 Amendment:
" . . . a new understanding has emerged of the significance of penal sanctions imposed by the state. Lastly, more effective systems of detention have been developed, which ensure the due protection of citizens . . . ."
4) REALITY OF "STATE PROTECTION"
The Holy See could find these types of cases every day, seemingly, forever, if it cared to look. They could care less, as confirmed within the amended 2267.
It seems likely that hundreds or thousands of innocents die, everyday, because of the irresponsibility of prison systems allowing unjust aggressors to harm and murder, again, in contradiction of the willful ignorance/deceptions within EV and the amended CCC 2267.
after 14 years incarceration - Whereabouts unknown since release, 1998.
luring them away from markets with trinkets, then raping them, strangling them and dumping their bodies in shallow graves.
Brazil prison riot leaves 57 dead, 16 decapitated, 7/30/19
Over 150 Tennessee (USA) prison escapees still at large, Action 5 News, Associated Press, 2007,
From 14,000 - 28,000 actual innocents have been murdered by those known murderers that we have allowed to murder, again - recidivist murderers,
About 500,000 actual innocents have been murdered by those known offenders that we have allowed to harm, again - recidivist criminals
The Death Penalty: Saving More Innocent Lives
9 year recidivism rate:
Violent offenders had the highest recidivism rate 79%, for all crimes, with a violent recidivism rate of 43%. Table 7, page 11, 2018 UPDATE ON PRISONER RECIDIVISM: A 9-YEAR FOLLOW-UP PERIOD (2005-2014) | MAY 2018, Bureau of Justice Statistics, https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/18upr9yfup0514.pdf
Real recidivism rates are higher, as less than 25% of crimes are solved - "Fewer than half of crimes are reported and fewer than half are solved." "Most violent and property crimes in the U.S. go unsolved", PewResearch, 3/1/2017, https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/03/01/most-violent-and-property-crimes-in-the-u-s-go-unsolved
"Trustworthy" Inmate Escapes, Kidnaps/Murders 19 year old Daughter of Warden, VIBE.com, July 31, 2017
Prison Gang Runs Prison, Drug Trafficking, Money Laundering, Impregnate 4 Guards: "13 corrections officers indicted in Md., accused of aiding gang’s drug scheme", Washington Post, 4/23/13
“The inmates literally took over ‘the asylum,’ and the detention centers became safe havens for (the gang)BGF,” said FBI Special Agent in Charge Stephen E. Vogt."
"Prisons and the Education of Terrorists", Ian M. Cuthbertson, WORLD POLICY JOURNAL, FALL 2004
"The use of prisons as a means of recruiting new members into terrorist organizations while providing advanced training to existing members is hardly a new phenomenon. FOR MORE THAN 30 YEARS (my emphasis) , European countries have been beset by a variety of nationalist and leftist terrorist groups, some of them highly sophisticated organizations with large rosters of combat and support personnel."
" . . . terrorist groups were able to retain a large degree of cohesion within the prison setting, which they discovered to be a favorable environment for training members in new skills and planning future operations."
"Al-Qaeda and its network of associated organizations has taken full advantage of the relatively lax practices in European, and even some American, prisons. The pool of potential recruits is vast."
" . . . in October 2003, John Pistole, the FBI’s executive assistant director of counterterrorism/counterintelligence, called U.S. correctional institutions a “viable venue for radicalization and recruitment” for al-Qaeda. Harley Lappin, the director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, sees the bloated prison population of disgruntled and violent inmates as being 'particularly vulnerable to recruitment by terrorists.'
Incarcerated Terrorists Radicalize Prisoners, Fundraise and Plan Attacks
"The Bali bombers were allowed to preach to the prison population, radicalizing scores of impressionable young Muslims, as well as fund and organize subsequent attacks from their cells."
"Hell in the heart of paradise", 4:40PM Monday November 23, 2009 Source: AAP
Cell phones, prisoners & crimes
Prisoners using contraband cell phones, in prison, to arrange murders of witnesses, murders of government officials, plan escapes, continue free world criminal enterprises, etc.
Google search -- "cell phones" prison -- with 5.7 million hits in .35 seconds
Noted Terrorist Anwar al Awlaki, released from prison based upon his word.
al Awlaki was a spiritual leader at two mosques where three 9/11 hijackers worshiped, a native-born U.S. citizen who left the United States in 2002, was arrested in 2006 with a small group of suspected al-Qaida militants in the capital San'a. He was released more than a year later after signing a pledge he will not break the law or leave the country. He is now missing and encourages violence against Americans from his website.
Awlaki used his site to declare support for the Somali terrorist group, al-Shabaab and celebrated the acts of US Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, who murdered 13 and wounding 29 in a shooting spree.
al Awlaki called upon other Muslim's to duplicate those acts. "Radical imam praises alleged Fort Hood shooter", Associated Press, 11/9/09, 6:19 pm ET
"New Evidence Suggests Radical Cleric Anwar al-Awlaki Was an Overlooked Key Player in 9/11 Plot"
al-Awalaki killed, no longer a threat
"Al-Qaida cleric Anwar al-Awlaki is dead, says Yemen", Martin Chulov in Beirut, The Guardian, Friday 30 September 2011 04.53 EDT
"Indonesian prisons are notorious for the amount of drug use and even drug manufacturing that goes on inside, typically with the paid assistance of prison officials." " . . . while supposedly locked up, (Amir) continued to run an international trafficking ring with the help of his wife, bringing in product from Vietnam."
"He later escaped from the prison"
Escapee Takes Family Hostage, Stabs Father
7 days later, McCloud invades home, holds family, inclusive of 5 year old son, hostage, at knifepoint, stabs father in back and shoulder === eventually, wife and husband get to their own firearm, killing McCloud. ("Murder suspect who escaped jail killed after holding family", BY JEFF AMY, ASSOCIATED PRESS FRIDAY, Channel 13 ABCNEWS, WHAM, Rochester, NY, MARCH 11TH 2016)
16 al Quaeda Escape in Jailbreak in Iraq
12 inmates escape Walker County Jail (Alabama, USA), al.com, July 30, 2017
Georgia (USA) Escapees Murder Two Guards, NBC 11 Alive, 6/14/17,
Repeat murderer fakes paralysis, escapes, murders, again. USA
Twice convicted murderer Alva "Campbell, faked paralysis and escaped from custody when he was being taken to court in a wheelchair. Using a gun he took form a deputy sheriff, he carjacked (Joe) Dials, 18, robbed and killed him." Younger brother Charles Dials called Joe a father figure: “He was an awesome big brother, the go-to guy. Everybody loved him. It was a devastating blow for our family.”
Campbell murdered another wonderful person, in 1972, William S. Dovalosky, from Cleveland.
Execution date set for Columbus killer, By Alan Johnson, The Columbus Dispatch, March 28, 2013
23 escape from Yemen prison, 13 are al Quaeda
Lifer fakes paralysis, escapes USA
Repeat sex offender,"cripple" serving life, overpowers guards, escapes
Officials "embarrassed" by Texas death row inmate escape, Houston Chronicle, November 06, 2005 USA
". . . Thompson claimed he had an appointment with his lawyer and was taken to a meeting room. However, the visitor was not Thompson's attorney." "After the visitor left, Thompson removed his handcuffs and his bright orange prison jumpsuit and got out of a prisoner's booth that should have been locked. He then left wearing a dark blue shirt, khaki pants and white tennis shoes, carrying a fake identification badge and claiming to work for the Texas Attorney General's office." "This was 100 percent human error; that's the most frustrating thing about it." "There were multiple failures." Trial jurors and victim's relatives were terrified.
He murdered/dismembered 3-year-old Adam Gomez, fed child’s remains to a dog, kept some remains in freezer to intimidate boy’s mother, 2019 https://ktiv.com/2019/10/25/nebraska-death-row-inmates-post-conviction-appeal-rejected/
Pope Francis opposes the death penalty and life sentences, which provides release of all of the above.
goes on and on forever, with the Church, well aware, just as with the priest sex scandal cover up
4a) The Death Penalty: Saving More Innocent Lives
Deterrence, Death Penalties & Executions
5) "Evangelium Vitae, St. Thomas Aquinas and the Death Penalty", p 519, Steven A. Long, The Thomist, 63 (1999): 511-552
6) ibid, p 522
7) Kevin L. Flannery S.J. - Capital Punishment and the Law – 2007, Ordinary Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University (Rome); Mary Ann Remick Senior Visiting Fellow at the Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture (University of Notre Dame)
8) Luke 23:39-43 "Now one of the criminals hanging there reviled Jesus, saying, "Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us." The other, however, rebuking him, said in reply, "Have you no fear of God, for you are subject to the same condemnation? And indeed, we have been condemned justly, for the sentence we received corresponds to our crimes, but this man has done nothing criminal." Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom." (Jesus) replied to him, "Amen, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise." (NAB).
It is not about the method of earthly death, but the message of eternal salvation.
9) Pope Francis
10) “Amerio on capital punishment “, Chapter XXVI, 187. The death penalty, from the book Iota Unum, May 25, 2007
11) Jesus and the death penalty: "They may become Christians", Dan Popp, June 23, 2013